Locked History Actions


CoDeS project

Project factsheet

English name:

Compositional distributional semantic models for identification, discrimination and disambiguation of senses in Polish texts

Polish name:

Wykorzystanie metod kompozycyjnej semantyki dystrybucyjnej do identyfikacji i rozróżniania znaczeń w języku polskim

Project type:

A National Science Centre grant 2014/15/B/ST6/05186


Aug 2015 ‒ Aug 2018

Project Web page:


NCN project info:


Principal investigator:

Agnieszka Mykowiecka

Project summary

The general aim of the project is to evaluate existing methods and devise new techniques of computational distributional semantics (CDS) in the area of discrimination and disambiguation of senses for Polish. One of the basic problems which has to be solved while analyzing natural language utterances is semantic ambiguity of their elements. Our goal is to elaborate methods determining the meaning of a particular word in the context in which it appears and methods for automatic detection if a word is used in more than one sense in an analyzed text. We want to focus our attention on noun-adjectives constructions and investigate how the meaning of a whole phrase may contribute to creation of sense models for its elements. We also plan to extend these methods to recognize words or phrases which are not used in their literal sense but figuratively. One of the project’s goal is to look for answers for some of general questions, for example, to what degree we will be able to describe sense differences using CDS methods, and which types of models are better suited for such a task and Polish data.


Word embedings

Polish word embeddings http://dsmodels.nlp.ipipan.waw.pl/ (A. Mykowiecka, M. Marciniak, P. Rychlik, 2017)

DSmodels demo - web service for calculating word similarity using Polish word embeddings

SimLex for Polish

Polish version of SimLex-999 (A. Mykowiecka, M. Marciniak, P. Rychlik, 2018).

Plain text (UTF-8 encoded) of Polish SimLex-999.

Literal/Non-Literal Adjective-Noun Phrases

FigAN: a list of 1526 adjective-noun phrases labelled with one of three categories : L (literal phrase), M (non-literal phrase), B (ambiguous phrase)

FigSen-1: 1833 short fragments of text selected from the NKJP (National Corpus of Polish, (Przepiórkowski et al., 2012)) in which all grammatically correct occurrences of all adjective-noun phrases were annotated at the phrase level either as literal (L) or figurative (M).

FigSen-2: Word-level metaphors corpus annotated by Joanna March_la and Maciej Rosiński. The same 1833 fragments with alternative annotation. It contains two versions (FigSen-2_9_11 and FigSen-2_16_09) of word-level annotations. You may likely want to work with the final annotations only (9_11). Metaphors are marked for selected types of part-of-speech tags in a column named "Metafory". Metaphorically used words are marked as "M", literally used words as "L". More details can be found in the (LTC 2019) paper listed below.

Word Sense Disambiguation

Python package for the WSD method presented in (Rutkowski, Sz., P. Rychlik, and A. Mykowiecka, 2019).

Sense-annotated text for WSD testing.